Knowledge Extraction to Assist Scientific Discovery from Corona Virus Literature
Qingyun Wang, Heng Ji, Jiawei Han (UIUC)
Shih-Fu Chang (Columbia)
Kyunghyun Cho (NYU)
During this strange time I'm trying to be useful in any sort of format. One of our ongoing efforts is aiming for assisting scientists to speed up their scientific discovery. The framework consists of three steps, and we will be posting the results as soon as each step is finished:
1. Knowledge extraction from 14,229 papers and 6217 abstracts about corona virus (CORD-19 dataset)
- (1) [Done] extract entities, relations and events from text following the ontology introduced in the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database; link entity mentions to external biomedical ontologies. See the source texts and the knowledge graph constructed which includes 50,752 Gene nodes, 10,781 Disease nodes, 5,738 Chemical nodes, and 535 Organism nodes. These nodes are connected by 133 relation types including Gene–Chemical–Interaction Relationships, Chemical–Disease Associations, Gene–Disease Associations, Chemical–GO Enrichment Associations and Chemical–Pathway Enrichment Associations. Entities also play some certain roles in 13 Event types, including Gene expression, Transcription, Localization, Protein catabolism , Binding, Protein modification, Phosphorylation , Ubiquitination, Acetylation, Deacetylation, Regulation, Positive regulation, Negative regulation. The Knowledge Graph result zip file contains the following files:
- entity.zip: source texts and entity extraction results;
- chem_gene_ixns_relation.csv: relation extraction results between chemicals, genes, and species;
- chem_gene_ixn_types.csv: relation types;
- chemicals_diseases_relation.csv: relation extraction results between chemicals and diseases;
- genes_diseases_relation.csv: relation extraction results between genes and diseases;
- chemicals.csv: a mapping among a chemical's name, id, and its parent ids;
- genes.csv: a mapping among a gene's name, symbol, id, and its alternative id;
- diseases.csv: a mapping among a disease's name, id, its parent ids, and its alternative id.
- protein_event.zip: event extraction results.
- (2) knowledge extraction from images, and do cross-media fusion and inference with (1).
2. Link prediction for new hypothesis generation and ranking.
3. Question answering for scientists to search related hypotheses and knowledge graphs, and provide evidence from source text and images.
This research is based upon work supported in part by U.S. DARPA KAIROS Program No. FA8750-19-2-1004, U.S. DARPA AIDA Program # FA8750-18-2-0014 and U.S. NSF No. 1741634. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of DARPA, or the U.S. Government. The U.S. Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for governmental purposes notwithstanding any copyright annotation therein.
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